A study shows that about half of all adolescent boys and almost two-thirds of men older than fifty years old suffer from gynecomastia to some extent.
The condition called gynecomastia can cause significant psychological stress, especially in young adults and teenagers. This condition can result in social withdrawal, avoidance of swimming, athletics, interactions with peers, and can be a cause of embarrassment when in public. Gynecomastia is a condition wherein the male chest looks swollen and female-like due to the enlargement of glandular tissue.
How does it happen?
The human body produces both testosterone and estrogen. When a young boy is undergoing puberty or an older adult’s body produces less testosterone (male hormone) and the male-female hormone levels are imbalanced, it can result in gynecomastia.
What is Unilateral Gynecomastia?
The symptoms of gynecomastia may differ in various individuals. Swelling in the chest is not necessarily even, and there are several cases where one side of the chest (including the nipple and surrounding area) becomes noticeably larger than the other. This particular condition is referred to as unilateral gynecomastia. This condition is also referred to as ‘asymmetrical gynecomastia’ or ‘one-sided gynecomastia’. Since it makes the chest appear uneven (asymmetrical), it is even more bothersome than bilateral gynecomastia. benign mass accumulation and cysts can be associated with the development of unilateral gynecomastia. Another possible reason for one-sided gynecomastia can be cancer but is very rare.
Symptoms of Unilateral Gynecomastia
The first symptom of unilateral gynecomastia may be fatty tissue lumps under one nipple, and these lumps can sometimes be sore or tender. In some cases, the individual may experience pain in the affected chest area.
Gynecomastia is a cause of concern not only because it affects the appearance of the chest but it may also indicate cancer. Although gynecomastia does not necessarily have to be a sign of cancer, the doctor may run a few tests to rule it out entirely.
Diagnosis of Unilateral Gynecomastia
If one suspects having gynecomastia, whether unilateral or bilateral, consulting a doctor is important for many reasons including the following:
To identify the main causative factor
To find out the right treatment
To put an end to physical and psychological discomfort
As Dr. Dushyanth Kalva, a gynecomastia surgeon in Hyderabad, says - it is also important to remember that a lot of factors can trigger hormonal imbalance that results in swollen male chest, and pinpointing the exact cause of the problem can be difficult at times. The best course of action is to consult an expert doctor and discuss medical history. Depending on what the doctor prescribes, the individual may require blood or hormone tests to determine the root cause.
Thanks to the advancements in modern medical sciences, surgical excision of enlarged glandular tissue exist which is a completely safe procedure. While reduction surgeries are typically chosen by older men suffering from gynecomastia as a lifestyle choice, reduction surgeries are also advised to young men suffering from this condition as gynecomastia may have a greater psychological impact on them. Reduction surgeries are especially advised to men suffering from unilateral gynecomastia to achieve aesthetic and even shaped chest.
The gynecomastia correction surgery provided by Dr. Dushyanth at Inform Clinics, Hyderabad not only helps to get rid of the enlarged glandular tissue but also helps boost self-esteem and confidence in the affected individual.
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M.S, M.CH - Chief Plastic and Cosmetic Surgeon