Wrinkles are creases or folds in the skin which appear as a person grows older. These wrinkles are a result of facial expressions, for example, repeated smiling, frowning or squinting. Besides ageing, other factors that trigger wrinkles are sun damage, dehydration, smoking, medications and genetic factors. Often, wrinkles appear on the body parts which are mostly exposed to the sun such as face, neck, back of hands and arms. The UV rays break down the collagen and elastin fibres which form the skin's connective tissues. This breakdown causes the skin to become weaker and less flexible leading to drooping of skin and formation of wrinkles. Smoking reduces the blood supply to the skin and alcohol dehydrates the skin which results in even morewrinkles.
Anti-wrinkle injections are a blessing for anyone who does not want to look older with the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. These injections block neurotransmission that stops the facial muscles from contracting. It reduces the appearance of deep lines in the skin. These injections also promote new collagen formation which delivers a plump and fuller look. The treatment does not require much time and the results are significantly visible a few days after the treatment.Topical anaesthetic cream is applied before the treatment over the target area to make it numb so that the patient does not experience pain or discomfort during the procedure
The anti-wrinkle injections are directly injected into the lines and folds. Following are the common facial areas where these injections are injected for a smoother and younger look.
Forehead wrinkles - Forehead wrinkles are caused due to the contracting and stretching of frontalis muscle in the forehead. The sleeping position -- tending to lie on the stomach with the face pressed over the pillow -- might also be a cause for early development of forehead wrinkles. The appearance of forehead wrinkles can be successfully reduced with the anti-wrinkle injections. However, if the injections are not administered and monitored by a certified medical practitioner, the treated muscle can become so weak that one can not even raise his/her eyebrows.
Frown Lines - Frown lines are a result of repetitive facial expressions that causes the eyebrows to furrow. These expressions include smiling, squinting, laughing, etc. Thus, frowning is not the only cause of these lines. These vertical lines are found between and above the eyebrows. Anti-wrinkle injections freeze the muscle underneath the frown lines by blocking the nerve signals temporarily. Some people also have eyebrow depression which resembles a tiresome appearance. The injections can also lift up the eyebrows thus imparting a more fresh look to an individual.
Crow’s Feet - Crow's feet are the lines that extend from the side of the eyes to the temples. The main cause of Crow's feet is the loss of elasticity and collagen in the skin which are consequences of the constant ageing process. Crow's feet appear earlier than any other wrinkles because of the thin layer of skin and lack of oil glands around the eyes.
Under eye Lines - The area under the eyeballs or periorbital hollow is thinner as compared to other facial parts. Collagen is the main protein of skin tissue that holds the facial structure over time. With ageing, collagen starts to reduce which results in less elasticity leading to under-eye wrinkles. Smoking also stimulates the formation of wrinkles as it exposes the skin to extra oxidative stress and also obstructs blood circulation to the face and deprives it of Vitamin A. The anti-wrinkle injections soften the under-eye lines for a rejuvenated appearance
Marionette Lines - These are lines that appear around the corners of the mouth towards the jawline that makes an individual appear happy, mad or sad. Dryness and loss of moisture along with prolonged sun exposure can also contribute to the early appearance of marionette lines. Genetic Predisposition might also be one of the reasons for developing marionette lines. Anti-wrinkle injections can diminish the appearance of these lines effectively.
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M.S, M.CH - Chief Plastic and Cosmetic Surgeon